Why the Circumcision of Males and not Females?

Circumcision and Name of Jesus Tuesday

Luke 2:21

“And after eight days, when the child was circumcised, his name was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.”

But why does he only command to circumcise males, although women also must get this nature and birth and the prophet, in Psalm 51:5, complained more about his mother than his father when he says: “Look, I am made in vice, and in sin my mother conceived me.” But this all happened for the sake of Christ and his mother: It would be and could be in the future that a natural human and person would come of a woman without any sin and natural contribution. But when someone is conceived by a man, there both husband and wife sin, as it may not be done without sin on their part. This is why Christ did not want to be conceived by a man, lest his mother also would have to sin and conceive him in sin. Therefore, he used her female flesh and body for a natural birth, but not for a natural conception, and he is a true man conceived and born without sin. Look now, since from a woman might come a pure innocent birth, nature, and person, while only sinful birth, nature, and person may come from a man–this is why circumcision applies only to males in order to testify that every birth from a male, sinful and condemned, is to be circumcised and changed. But that which is born from a woman alone without a male, innocent and uncondemned, does not need circumcision and change. You may also draw here what John say in John 1:12-13: “He gave them power to become children of God who believe in his name, who are born, not out of blood or the will of the flesh or the will of a man, but out of God” if you take “will of a man” to mean the birth from a man. If only more women could give birth without a male, these births would be completely pure and holy; but this is reserved for this one mother.

St. Louis ed., 11:287-288.

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